Hepatitis A

Hepatitis is caused by hepatitis A virus and it is a contagious liver infection. It causes inflammation and prevents the proper functioning of the liver. This condition is caused by the consumption of food or water that is contaminated or when you come in close contact with a person who is already infected. Treatment is not required if the infection is mild. Hepatitis A can be avoided by practicing proper hygiene, which involves washing hands properly. This is the best way to prevent the disease. Vaccines are available for patients who are at a risk of Hepatitis A.

Causes:

  • The virus spreads usually when a small amount of contaminated fecal matter is ingested, which cause inflammation of the liver due to infection.
  • Consuming food handled by a seller who does not wash his hands properly after bowel movements.
  • Consuming raw shellfish from water polluted with sewage.
  • Having a sexual contact with someone who is already infected.
  • Drinking water that is contaminated by the virus.
  • Any close contact with an infected person.

Symptoms:

  • Clay-coloured faeces.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Dark-coloured urine.
  • Pain in joints.
  • Pain in belly area.

Diagnosis:

  • Blood test: Doctors recommend blood test to detect the presence of Hepatitis A in the blood.

Treatment:

Hepatitis A does not have any treatment. The body clears Hepatitis A on its own. It takes up to 6 months for the liver to heal itself and reverse the damage. However, the patients can fasten the healing process by:

  • Resting the liver: Avoid drinking alcohol. Also, review the medications with your doctor. This will prevent the difficulty in processing the medications by the liver.
  • Manage nausea: Nausea causes difficulty in eating. Eat your meals at short intervals, like in every 2 hours, instead of eating full meals. Drink fruit juice or milk instead of water and eat food with high calorie.
  • Rest your body: Since Hepatitis A makes the patient feel tired and less energetic and sick, resting is recommended.

Prognosis:

In the United States in 1991, the mortality rate for hepatitis A was estimated to be 0.015% for the general population, but ranged up to 1.8 -2.1 % for those aged 50 and over which were hospitalized with icteric hepatitis. Young children who are infected with hepatitis A typically have a milder form of the disease, usually lasting 1–3 weeks, whereas adults tend to experience a much more severe form of the disease.

Cost:

The estimated 1997 cost of hepatitis A among adolescents and adults is $488.8 million. Only 26% of this sum is represented by treatment costs, with larger shares comprised of morbidity (36%) and mortality (38%) costs.

New Life Clinics offers a low-risk way to treat Liver Cirrhosis. Our team of experienced and skilled doctors make life at hospital a painless one and guarantee a speedy recovery.

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