Gastrointestinal disease

The diseases related to the gastrointestinal tract like the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, the liver, gallbladder and pancreas are called Gastrointestinal disease. The conditions that come under gastrointestinal diseases are: irritable bowel movements, constipation, anal fissures, anal fistulas, hemorrhoids, perianal infections, perianal abscesses, colitis, diverticular diseases, colon polyps and cancer. However, you can avoid these gastrointestinal diseases by eating well and maintain a healthy lifestyle, indulging in good bowel movements and getting screened for cancer.

Causes:

  • Gastrointestinal diseases can be caused during childbirth when the pressure caused in the lower abdomen can lead to weakening of muscles and create scars or infections.
  • Chronic constipation is caused when the stools are not passed out of the body regularly. This causes the stools to harden and lead to extra pressure on the nerves, which leads to extra strain, damaging nerves and muscles present in that region.
  • Poor diet can cause GI diseases. If your diet lacks fiber, passing of stool is difficult.
  • Patients with Crohn’s disease are prone to gastrointestinal diseases.
  • Avoiding exercises.
  • Controlling bowel movements.
  • Eating a lot of dairy products.
  • Overuse of stool softeners, that weaken the bowel muscles.

 

Symptoms:

  • Rectal bleeding.
  • Cramps in stomach.
  • Difficulty in bowel movements.
  • Irregular bowel movements.

Diagnosis:

  • X-ray: An X-ray helps to get the pictures of the inside of the body which is useful to detect signs of malformations.
  • Ultrasound: Doctors recommend Ultrasound. This is done by inserting a probe in the anal area to detect if the nerves respond or if there are scar tissues around the area.
  • MRI: An imaging test that involves an in-depth look into the inside of the body.
  • Endoscopy or Colonoscopy: This involves the insertion of a probe through the mouth or anus, according to the problem areas. The camera at the end of the probe detects the irregularities.

Treatment:

  • Surgery to remove the problem caused, which helps the body cope with the disease. Eg: a surgery of anal fistula.
  • Antibiotics are recommended to stop the spread of infection.
  • Changes in diet, like adding nutrients to the diet so as to enable healthy bowel movements.

Prevention:

  • Exercise daily.
  • Have a healthy diet.
  • Avoid laxatives.
  • Avoid controlling bowel movements.
  • Go for cancer screening.

 

Cost:

The burden of illness of the disease was recently estimated to be $1.6-$10 billion in direct costs and $19.2 billion in indirect costs. There are increasing numbers of studies assessing the specifics of healthcare costs and utilization among patients with IBS.

 

New Life Clinics offers a low-risk way to treat Gastrointestinal Diseases. Our team of experienced and skilled doctors make life at hospital a painless one and guarantee a speedy recovery.

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